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رسالة مصرية ثقافية

ثقافية - علمية - دينية - تربوية
 
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 PROCEDURE - Landscaping & Pest Control

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عضو فعال
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عدد المساهمات : 762
تاريخ التسجيل : 28/08/2010
العمر : 39

مُساهمةموضوع: PROCEDURE - Landscaping & Pest Control   الأربعاء 6 نوفمبر 2013 - 12:56

PROCEDURE - Landscaping & Pest Control
Landscape Overview:
1- RECOGNIZANCE SURVEY
This involves going at to the site mapping at the different areas of interest, noting the soil type in the site if it's one that needs improvement also pointing out the different materials that will be needed this is because the materials that would be needed for a park are not the same with the one for a newly constructed road or a football field, also the layout of the terrain, climate of the area and the estimated cost
2- LAND PREPARATION
{a}CLEARING
The site is prepared awaiting the arrival of the seedlings; this involves clearing the land of existing grasses, trees, stones, stumps e.t.c this could be carried out by tools ranging from a simple tools such as cutlasses, hoes e.t.c to machines e.g. tractor bulldozer depending on the site and the project scale.
{b}LAND LAYOUT
This involves aligning the different holes for the seedlings in architect's desired pattern i.e. allocating the definite position for the seedling and usually done by putting sticks or pegs.
Between each seedling holes are the seedlings escapement and it's dependent on the plant type and the depth is also a factor of the plant type to be planted, the use of ropes in lining out is important here.
{c}APPLICATION OF FERTILIZER/MANURE OR TOP SOILS
The soil nature and type is what determines if the soil is to be improved with any of the above it is not compulsory to use fertilizer in landscaping usually not advisable unless in a case where the site soils are very poor due to severe lost of nutrient {leaching} top soils or forest soil are preferred the reasons are as follows;
• The quantity to apply may be a problem
• Not all soils are deficient in nitrogen phosphorous and potassium
• Organic manure {poultry/birds droppings} contains ammonium
• Days spent in waiting to allow fertilizer ferment.
Each hole that was dug is applied manure or fertilizer and left for 2-3 days allowing fermentation and planting begins on the 3 day
3- PLANTING
When planting a seedling it is best to remove the bag to allow effective root growth since polythene bags hardly decay. To do this you have to mould the bag {press tightly together the bag and sand} and the polythene is torn off with the aid of a razor blade and carefully placed in the hole, one can also choose to plant without removing the bag to save time and cover with sand around the seedlings base the sand should be sloped down ward the stem not flatten to avoid water logging around the plant. Immediately after planting watering should commence, deep watering is advice here but avoid excess watering {water logged} compare to sparingly watery in nursery.
4-WATERING, WEEDING AND BEATING UP
The numbers of times watering is done depends on the region since climate and soil varies with areas/regions, but standard watering should be done morning and evening for the first week and once for the next week. Weeding should commence a month time after weeds {unwanted plants} starts growing, usually done with care to avoid removing plants planted. Beating up is the replacement of dead seedlings or deformed seedlings with new ones
STEP5:-MAINTENANCE
Activities such as trimming, pruning, pinching off, thinning, deadheading e.t.c this activities are carried out to perpetuate continuity of plants{shrub and tree}
TRIMMING/ PRUNING: - landscaping architect may attempt to control the shape of woody plants such as trees and shrubs by removing branches growing in the wrong direction. They also prune to remove damaged, disease, or dead branches. Landscaping architect prune plants at different times of the year, depending on how they hope to affect the plant's growth.
PINCHING OFF:- pinching off, encourages healthy, bushy plant growth. Pinching off methods vary depending on the type of plant, but generally gardeners remove the tallest early stalks, encouraging more stem development when plants are young.
THINNING:- this is the removal of plants from a stand either because they are dead or to avoid overcrowding.
DEADHEADING:- Many plants stop flowering once they set seed, so to make plants produce flowers longer, gardeners can remove the faded flowers before they produce seed, a technique called deadheading
General:
Our scope contains the following for all KN areas under FM:
1 - Maintenance plants and grass and landscape in a high quality and good hue.
2- Work Farming works different tillage and cutting, ventilation and scratching the soil patch and cutting work and the work of the clean sheets and the rest of different agricultural work needed to maintain the plants look good and Change the plants affected by neglect cause
3- The implementation of irrigation and fertilization and cleaner plants, consolidation and change of agricultural soil and washing basins of different plants and the use of special cleaner plants.
4- Maintenance irrigation system and the process of irrigation are sufficient for the needs of plant cover rationing water plant.
5- Renewal and change the grass and trees and flowers and internal plants in the building if happen any deferent in weather.
6- Change any damages when happen any breadths in plants or irrigation net by cause different weather or sand and change the plants by your respective expense. And we not are demanding in this situation by anything. .and Disclosure of an irrigation net and rogation in the case of any wind or weather conditions different
7- The implementation of any new works may be required to work in different locations without any additional costs to the value of the contract.
8Cleanliness of the place after working different agricultural Maintenance
9- Any change or amending in irrigation net (reason broken) made by contractor expense.


Pest control Overview:
Pest control Overview:
- An infestation of mice can develop very quickly both vertically and horizontally in a building due to their Ability to move through very small spaces and holes in a constant search for food and shelter. Mice are recognized as potential carriers of many diseases presenting a risk to human health, as well as causing Damage to property and stock.

1- Method of treatment
1.1 First visit
• Confirm the existence of any infestation/
• Activity by completing a full site survey of the
• whole premises and identify signs of current
• mice activity – fresh droppings, footprints,
• gnawing, smear marks, odour, damage to food
• Cartons etc. Sufficient details must be taken to
• ensure accurate records can be made, noting
• the areas where evidence of an infestation/
• Activity has been found and possible entry points.
• Based on the evidence from the survey,
• confirm the distribution of any infestation/
• Activity and record the details. Details of
• contributory factors should also be recorded,
• including damage to structure, poor house
• Keeping or poor standards of hygiene.
• Advise the occupier of health risks due to mice
• Being present (food contamination etc.).

1.2 Infestation not present
Explain to the occupier that there is no evidence of an infestation/activity and reassure the occupier that a revisit can be arranged if any complaint reoccurs. As a minimum, the following details

Must be recorded:
• Details of the premises (including any
• specific job reference)
• Name of pest control technician who
• attended
• The date of visit
• The areas surveyed (taking account
• of accessibility of areas, for example
• designated confined spaces)
• The result of the survey confirming that
• an infestation/activity was not identified
• Any other information that may be of
• relevance (standard of hygiene, proofing,
• activity in adjacent properties etc)
• Close down the job making such comments on
• The job sheet or electronic record.

1.3 Uncertain conclusion
If there is no evidence of any infestation/ activity and either the occupier will not accept the situation, or there are reasons to believe that there may be mice (entering from an adjoining property), then lay strategically placed non-toxic baits. Occupiers must be shown the locations of the non-toxic baits and informed that children and pets are not allowed access to these baits. Note: it is recommended that the occupier be advised of the difference between an infestation (breeding population) and a casual intruder
(one off occurrence). Provide information and advice to the occupier on improving standards of hygiene, housekeeping and proofing requirements. Inform the occupier that a revisit will be made Within two to three weeks.-


As a minimum, the following information must be recorded:
o Details of the premises (including any specific job reference)
o Name of pest control technician who attended
o The date of visit
o The areas surveyed
o The evidence of potential infestation/ activity
o The location, amount and type of non-toxic bait used (including suitable diagram)
o Any other information that may be of relevance
1.4 Infestation confirmed
Evaluate hygiene/housekeeping and proofing standards and identify alternative food sources and waste retention areas.
Where significant quantities of food are open and available to rodents no treatment should be commenced. Occupiers should be informed that a further appointment could be made as soon as the standards of hygiene and housekeeping have been improved. Tact and diplomacy are required to explain that rodents will not take toxic baits if other food sources are readily available. If necessary, show the occupier examples of poor practice (for example, presence of cat/dog food as a potential source of attraction for mice).
However, this approach may not always be required where the pest control technician assesses the risk from alternative food sources to be minimal and the occupier’s cooperation has been obtained.
Where necessary, adherence to appropriate health and safety procedures must be ensured to avoid potentially aggressive confrontations.
Notes will need to be comprehensive in describing reasons for the non-treatment and explanations provided. Consideration of the need for enforcement action is required if conditions do not improve sufficiently to permit an effective treatment.
As a minimum, the following information must be recorded:
(i) Details of the premises (including any specific job reference)
(ii) Name of pest control technician who attended
(iii) The date of visit.

General:
a. Application of anti pests materials in sludge drying beds and dry sludge stocking area twice every two week.
d. Exterminating all rats in WWT Pump station site and buildings, twice every week.
e. Exterminating all flying and crawling insects and rodents.
b. Fogging and application of anti pests materials in buildings and offices twice in every two weeks.
c. Spraying Exterminating all crawling creatures in WWT pump station site and buildings, twice every week.
f. Exterminating all stray and wild dogs in WWT pump station site and buildings, twice every week.
g. Provision of the suitable and certified anti pests materials (to be certified for use by Ministry of Public Health).
h. Provision of all necessary and proper equipment and tools, as well as specialized and trained manpower to implement and supervise the work.
i. Provision of all necessary and proper safety materials and tools for the Subcontractor staff.
j. Services schedule to be presented by the Subcontractor which is to be signed by an authorized representative of the Contractor confirming the services carried out as per the frequency of services mentioned above.
k. will be spraying all the others dry sludge basins, and will be spraying premises dry sludge
l. Will be spraying all the trees and shrubs and landscaping around the whole site
m. Will be spraying indoors, toilets and kitchens, workshops and pump rooms
n. Will control stray animals such as dogs, cats and rats and snakes periodically fixed

- Services Request Process (pest control & Landscape)
- The following steps should be taken after receiving a FMSR:
o Visiting the related site
o Meeting the requester.
o Define the problem
o Plan for the rectify works with proper chemicals
o Implement the plan & follow up with the required result.
o Report & hand over with suggestion for saving the location.

- Reports & Formalities & Yearly Plan (Ahmed, please attach the required formats)
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