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رسالة مصرية ثقافية

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 تابع بعض أنواع نخيل الزينة

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عدد المساهمات : 762
تاريخ التسجيل : 28/08/2010
العمر : 39

مُساهمةموضوع: تابع بعض أنواع نخيل الزينة    الأحد 9 أكتوبر 2011 - 4:03

Caryota



Family: Palmae

Common name: Fishtail palm

Genus of 12 species of single- and cluster-stemmed, monoecious, sometimes monocarpic palms from India and Sri Lanka to S.E.Asia, N. Australia and the Solomon Islands. They occur in forest in humid or monsoon climates. It's a tough, easy to grow palm that makes a great houseplant Caryota typically form multi-stemmed clumps up to 25’ in height by 12’ in width. Each slender stem is topped with several bipinnate leaves than can reach 9’ in length. The light green leaflets are shaped like a fish’s lower fin, hence its common name. The fishtail palm is native to southeast Asia where it grows as an understory plant in the tropical rain forest. Needs adequate moisture with good drainage

Growing conditions

Average warmth.Good indirect light is the proper location. Grow in soil-based potting mix

Watering and misting

Compost must be kept moist at all times and never allowed to dry out. Misting is necessary

Propagation

Sow seed at 81 F (21 C) in spring. Also by division of clumps and separation of suckers from parent clump



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Chamaedorea



Family: Palmae

Genus of about 100 species of mainly small palms from rainforest in Mexico and Central and South America. Hardy bamboo palm forms clumps of slender stems up to 8' in height. Papery matte finish leaves are arranged sparsely up and down the stems. These pinnate leaves are up to 2 feet in length and are composed of leaflets (about 8" long by 1" wide) attached along the midrib. A drooping inflorescence appears in summer. Male and female flowers are borne on separate plants. Female flowers are followed by the fruit which are bright orange berries about 1/4" in diameter. These light up the shade garden as they dangle in drooping clusters from the graceful stems. Moderate drought resistance

Growing conditions

Average warmth.Good indirect light is the proper location. Grow in soilless potting mix

Watering and misting

Compost must be kept moist at all times and never allowed to dry out. Misting is necessary

Propagation

Plant fresh seed in spring at not less than 77 F (25 C). It will germinate in 1 to 2 months - old seeds may take longer. Also propagated by division of clumps

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عدد المساهمات : 762
تاريخ التسجيل : 28/08/2010
العمر : 39

مُساهمةموضوع: رد: تابع بعض أنواع نخيل الزينة    الأحد 9 أكتوبر 2011 - 4:04

Chamaerops

Family: Palmae



Common name: European fan palm

Genus of one species of shrubby palm from dry scrub and rocky or sandy slops in the W. Mediterranean region. Its native range extends from Africa's Atlas Mountains in Morroco to Spain and France and eastward to Turkey. Chamaerops humilis (European fan palm) can grow up to 15' in height. The triangular, fan-shaped leaves grow to about 20-24" long by 24" wide. They are deeply divided into multiple segments that are themselves split at the tip and they are supported on 3-4' stems. This is an extremely variable plant both in color (the leaves range from blue-green to grey-green to yellow-green) and in shape. Prefers bright sunny conditions, also does well in part shade with some direct sunlight. It will survive in rather heavy shade but "stretches" to loose its compact shape. Is very drought tolerant once established

Growing conditions

Average warmth.Good indirect light is the proper location. Grow in soil-based potting mix.

Watering and misting

Compost must be kept moist at all times and never allowed to dry out. Misting is necessary

Propagation

Sow seed at not less than 72 F (22 C) in spring. Can also be propagated by dividing clumps or removing suckers both which require superhuman effort




Cocos





Family: Palmae

Common name: Coconut Palm

Genus of one species of single-stemmed palm from coastal tropical regions worldwide, possibly originating in the W. Pacific. Cocos (Coconut Palm) have graceful gray trunks topped by a crown of pinately compound yellow-green leaves. Each leaf is 15'-17' long. Coconut is a pan-tropical species usually found in humid coastal areas between latitudes 26 degrees north and south

Growing conditions

Average warmth.Good indirect light is the proper location. Grow in well-drained soil-based potting mix

Watering and misting

Compost must be kept moist at all times and never allowed to dry out. Misting is necessary

Propagation

Plant fresh coconuts (with husks) on their side, half buried in moist soil (half of the coconut is exposed) -- if kept moist, will sprout in 2-3 months. The temperature should be 81-86 F (27-30 C). Growth is slow at first but picks up as the palm matures
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عدد المساهمات : 762
تاريخ التسجيل : 28/08/2010
العمر : 39

مُساهمةموضوع: رد: تابع بعض أنواع نخيل الزينة    الأحد 9 أكتوبر 2011 - 4:05

Chrysalidocarpus



Family: Palmae

Common name: Areca palm, Golden cane palm, Madagascar palm, Yellow palm

Genus of about 20 species of single- and cluster-stemmed palms from forest in areas with high rainfall in Madagascar and adjacent islands

Chrysalidocarpus lutescens is a very common sight in the tropics and sub-tropics. It is often taken for granted but deserves more recognition and appreciation. Chrysalidocarpus can grow up to 20 feet tall, although it is usually smaller. Six to eight leaves on long petioles (leaf stems) arise from the main trunk and gracefully arch outward and downward. Each leaf has about 80-100 leaflets that are arranged on the leaf stem in a shallow V. The common name derives from the ********* golden yellow color of the petioles.

The golden cane palm is native to Madagascar where, sadly, it is endangered and very rare. However it is very common in tropical landscapes around the world and is the most popular 'house plant' palm. Will grow in sun or shade but looks its best in bright diffuse light

Growing conditions

Average warmth.Good indirect light is the proper location. Grow in soil-based potting mix

Watering and misting

Compost must be kept moist at all times and never allowed to dry out. Misting is necessary

Propagation

Golden cane palm can be propagated from seeds which take 2-6 months to germinate. Sow seed at not less than 79 F (26 C) in spring. Offshoots cut from the base of the palm can be used to start new plants



Howea



Family: Palmae

Common name: Sentry palm

Genus 2 species of single-stemmed palms found usually on basalt soils, on Lord Howe Island, Australia. The Howea (Kentia) Palms are the traditional Palm Court plants which grow up to 8 ft tall. Two of the most satisfactory species for indoor use are Howea belmoreana and Howea forsteriana. Both are commonly listed as Kentia. Belmoreana is more erect in growth than forsteriana, although both grow from one central stem or trunk

Growing conditions

Average warmth.Good indirect light is the proper location. Grow in soil-based potting mix

Watering and misting

Compost must be kept moist at all times and never allowed to dry out. Misting is necessary

Propagation

Sow seed at 79 F (26 C) as soon as ripe




Livistona



Family: Palmae

Common name: Ribbon fan palm

Genus of about 28 species of single-stemmed palms, found in habitats ranging from streambanks and swamps to woodland, rainforest, and inland gorges, in the warmer parts of Asia and Australia. It's graceful form and robust nature has earned this palm a place in tropical and sub-tropical landscapes around the world

Growing conditions

Average warmth.Good indirect light is the proper location. Grow in soil-based potting mix

Watering and misting

Compost must be kept moist at all times and never allowed to dry out. Misting is necessary

Propagation

Sow seed at 73 F (23 C) in spring. Plant seeds 1/4 inch deep and keep moist, they will germinate in 4 to 10 weeks
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عدد المساهمات : 762
تاريخ التسجيل : 28/08/2010
العمر : 39

مُساهمةموضوع: رد: تابع بعض أنواع نخيل الزينة    الأحد 9 أكتوبر 2011 - 4:05

Phoenix



Family: Palmae

Common name: Date palm

Genus of 17 species of single- and cluster-stemmed palms from tropical and subtropical forest or low scrub thiskets in the Canary Islands, Africa, Crete (Greece), and W. and S. Asia to Philippines. This palm is widely grown as an ornamental tree. It is tolerant of cold and drought and can be easily raised from seeds if given heat. Outside, it will grow up to 60 ft. with a 3 ft. diameter trunk. Inside, its growth can be regulated by the size of container it is raised in. It has a distinctive spiky, architectural appearance that is a must for any home. It bears 2 in. long fruit that is orange when ripe. The old leaf scars on the trunk form diamond shaped patterns

Growing conditions

Average warmth.Good indirect light is the proper location. Grow in soil-based potting mix

Watering and misting

Compost must be kept moist at all times and never allowd to dry out. Misting is necessary

Propagation

Sow seed at 66-75 F (19-24 C) in spring
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عدد المساهمات : 762
تاريخ التسجيل : 28/08/2010
العمر : 39

مُساهمةموضوع: رد: تابع بعض أنواع نخيل الزينة    الأحد 9 أكتوبر 2011 - 4:05

Rhapis



Family: Palmae

Common name: Little Lady Palm, Bamboo Palm

Genus of 12 species of small, cluster-stemmed palms found in shady tropical and subtropical forest from S. China to S.E.Asia. Rhapis (Little Lady Palm) is best choise for small rooms. Use Rhapis excelsa (Bamboo Palm) as a house plant. The leaves of this Palm are 8-12 in. long, made up of 3 to 10 narrow, glossy, somewhat puckered lobes in fan formation. In maturity, it forms clumps of thin, reedy stems. These expensive fan palms have several reed- or bamboolike trunks, from which sprout deep green palmate fronds. Often used as pot or tub plants, Lady Palms are grown as clumps in lawns or as hedges in southern California and southern Florida. Their yellowishflowers are followed by small berrylike fruits. Water regularly during growing season, allowing soil to dry between waterings. Reduce water at other times. Remove yellow or faded leaves. Wipe off dusty leaves or wash with water

Growing conditions

Average warmth.Good indirect light is the proper location. Grow in soilless potting mix

Watering and misting

Compost must be kept moist at all times and never allowed to dry out. Misting is necessary

Propagation

Sow seed at 81 F (27 C) in spring, or divide
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عدد المساهمات : 762
تاريخ التسجيل : 28/08/2010
العمر : 39

مُساهمةموضوع: رد: تابع بعض أنواع نخيل الزينة    الأحد 9 أكتوبر 2011 - 4:06

Trachycarpus



Family: Palmae

Genus of 6 species of usually single-stemmed, sometimes clustering, dioecious, evergreen palms from temperate and mountain forest in subtropical Asia. A hardy fan palm that can stand cold to 15 degrees and also makes a good container plant inside. Fibre covered trunk and fan shaped leaves reaching to 3 ft. across. Easy to grow from seed

Windmill palms grown in full sun and/or poor conditions may have a much smaller crown. The trunk is covered with heavy brown fiber and is often narrower at the base than at the top. Leaves are palmate, about 3 feet wide and range in color from yellow-green to green. This is a hardy palm and can withstand subfreezing temperatures. Native to the mountainous areas of southeast China, this tough palm is sometimes found under a cover of snow and ice

Growing conditions

Average warmth.Good indirect light is the proper location

Watering and misting

Compost must be kept moist at all times and never allowed to dry out. Misting is necessary

Propagation

Sow seed 75 F (24 C) in spring or autumn




Washingtonia



Family: Palmae

Common name: Desert fan palm, Thread palm

Genus of 2 species of single-stemmed palms from rocky, arid areas in S.W. US and N. Mexico. Washingtonia filifera & Washingtonia robusta may be used as a house plants

These rapid-growing tropical palms are grown frequently in Florida, California and the Gulf states. They reach 30 to 80 ft. tall, and their rounded crowns are topped by fan-shaped leaves. Clusters of tiny, creamy white flowers hang below the fronds in late spring, and black berrylike fruits appear in winter. Usually too tall for the small garden, so plant them along avenues or borders. When young, can be grown in pots. If potted, water freely in summer. Remove dead leaves

Growing conditions

Average warmth.Good indirect light is the proper location. Grow in soil-based potting mix

Watering and misting

Compost must be kept moist at all times and never allowed to dry out. Misting is necessary

Propagation

Sow seed at 75 F (24 C) in spring
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